Alarming repercussions of knee replacement surgery
As per latest studies conducted on the aftermath of knee replacement therapies, it has come to light that people undergoing knee and hip replacement therapies are at heightened risk of being afflicted with blood related disorders. The study specified that one out of two hundred people who undergo hip replacement and one out of hundred people who undergo knee replacement stand the risk of VTE, which stands for venous thrombeombolism. This is a disease in which the blood clot occurs in a vein and might become a serious problem if neglected. The study has also brought to light that the patients have shown signs of the problem immediately after the surgery and before leaving the hospital. This has made several hospitals provide postoperative care in order to avoid problems such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
What do the researchers say?
According to the researchers of the study, VTE can be prevented by taking immediate measures. Prophylaxis is necessary after these surgeries in order to combat these problems. VTE can be a serious complication and needs to be addressed since both asymptomatic and symptomatic VTE have been observed in patients. However, the researchers also said that the manner in which these treatments have to be provided is not available in medical literature. There is a need to document safe practices and the methodology of treatment so that the patient can be helped before he leaves the hospital.
Researchers of the study have studied forty seven experiments in order to analyze the occurrence of VTE in people who have undergone the replacement surgery. Of the forty seven, there were forty one randomized human experiments and six observational experiments. On the whole 44,844 cases were studies. Twenty studies were patients who were being administered knee arthroplasty and twenty one of them were being administered hip arthroplasty. Six studies included patients who were being administered both of these.
Results of the study
Results of the study have shown that 1.09% studies cases developed symptomatic postoperative VTE, 0.27% showed signs of pulmonary embolism and DVT was found in 0.63% of the cases among those undergoing knee replacement. Among hip replacement patients, 0.53% developed symptomatic postoperative VTE, 0.26% developed DVT and 0.14% were affected with pulmonary embolism. This study has brought forth important results that need to be followed and required developments have to take place in order to administer treatment for these blood related problems.